Sport requires building your body in the best possible shape to effectively use its abilities for the specific activities. In that regards, health science is very important for professional sportsmen to prevent injuries and numerous issues related to muscles and diet, required to maintain healthy balance and optimize performance of the sportsmen. By applying the knowledge acquired about human’s body by health science through series of experiments and historical data, sportsmen can optimize their diet and at the same time avoid any negative effects of excluding certain ingredients from their daily ration (Peat 2001, p. 15).
Exercise is extremely important to staying healthy both in body and mind. Being active can help a person continue to do things they enjoy and be independent as they age. Long term physical activity increases the benefits of long-term health. This is the reason many health experts advise individuals to be as active as possible and to set aside at least three days a week for some form of activity that keeps the heart beating at a steady pace. Physical exercise also has many mental benefits. For example, a person diagnosed with depression or anxiety is most often asked to conduct some form of physical activity apart from taking medication. This is because, the body produces hormones known as endorphins which improve mood and relieve stress. Depression can be alleviated by improving mood and anxiety can be relieved by reducing stress.