Essay quotation marks or italics

Whenever possible, use strong subjects and active constructions, rather than weak verbal nouns or abstractions and weak passive or linking verbs: instead of "Petruchio's denial of Kate of her basic necessities would seem cruel and harsh...," try "By denying Kate the basic necessities of life, Petruchio appears cruel and harsh--but he says that he is just putting on an act." Don't forget that words and even phrases can serve as strong sentence subjects: "Petruchio's 'I'll buckler thee against a million' injects an unexpectedly chivalric note, especially since it follows hard on the heels of his seemingly un-gentlemanly behavior." And remember--use regular quotation marks unless you're quoting material that contains a quotation itself.

There is another option for direct citations of someone else’s writing or speech, generally used when the quoted material is four lines long or longer. This is the block quotation, which you’ve probably seen in text books. The exact form of a block quotation will be determined by the style of the printed piece–it may be single-spaced when the surrounding material is double-spaced; it may use a different, generally smaller, typeface than the surrounding material; it will most likely be inset from both the left and right margins–but generally it will look something like this:

Essay quotation marks or italics

essay quotation marks or italics

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