The . Supreme Court first discusses the term in Miles v. United States (1880): "The evidence upon which a jury is justified in returning a verdict of guilty must be sufficient to produce a conviction of guilt, to the exclusion of all reasonable doubt." In re Winship (1970) establishes that the doctrine also applies to juvenile criminal proceedings, and indeed to all the essential facts necessary to prove the crime: "[W]e explicitly hold that the Due Process Clause protects the accused against conviction except upon proof beyond a reasonable doubt of every fact necessary to constitute the crime with which he is charged."
One year later, the families of Nichole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman filed a wrongful death civil lawsuit against Simpson. The jury in this civil trial believed the families’ attorney who said, “there’s a killer in this courtroom.” With the lower standard of proof being “a preponderance of the evidence,” the jury found Simpson liable for the deaths and award the families $ million in damages . Simpson was subsequently ordered to turn over, not only his monetary assets , but his 1968 Heisman trophy, a Warhol painting, and his golf clubs.