In the early 20th century King Amanullah Khan rose to power. His reforms included electricity for the city and schooling for girls. [ citation needed ] He drove a Rolls-Royce , and lived in the famous Darul Aman Palace . In 1919, after the Third Anglo-Afghan War , Amanullah announced Afghanistan's independence from foreign affairs at Eidgah Mosque . In 1929 King Ammanullah left Kabul due to a local uprising orchestrated by Habibullah Kalakani . After nine months rule, Kalakani was imprisoned and executed by King Nader Khan . Three years later, in 1933, the new king was assassinated by a Hazara student Abdul Khaliq during an award ceremony inside a school in Kabul. The throne was left to his 19-year-old son, Zahir Shah , who became the last King of Afghanistan .
One reason for the overwhelming popularity of the play throughout the ages is that it focuses on two people who defied society in order to follow their own hearts. Shakespeare scholar Walter Cohen cites the popularity of Othello during times of great rebellion and upheaval; the play was most popular during the European wars of the mid-19th century, the fall of Czarist Russia, and also during World War II in America. These productions tended to emphasize the nobility and love of Othello and Desdemona, and made their fall seem more tragic and ill-deserved.